At Dekemhare, a short walk will let us know the center, with the Italian style houses of the early ‘900, and the local market: the one covered for the various merchandise and foodstuffs, that of animals outdoors. From the city develops the road that leads from Dekemhare to Nefasit, which was built by the Italians in just 7 months, crossing the famous Piana D’Ala and creating a road that reached Ethiopia without passing through Asmara.
Based on the different names in the area that are related to the elephants, Kohaito is believed to have been a center of ivory trade and an agricultural area due to the many remains of stones for grinding. At the beginning there were only 46 sites identified, but now the number has risen to 900.
Particularly interesting is the dam called Safira in Kohaito, 2500 years old, whose construction is attributed to the 6th century before Christ. The style and solidity of the dam shows how the population possessed an advanced construction technology. According to legend, the Queen of Sheba quenched herself with the waters of this dam. Although detailed scientific research has yet to be completed, Kohaito’ s civilization lasted about 1,000 years and is antecedent to the Axumite civilization. The strategically important position of Kohaito meant that this area served as a “bridge” between Adulis and other civilizations, such as Metara, Keskese and Belew-Kelew.
Another historically important place is Keskese, located in an area of 11 square kilometers distant 125 kilometers from Asmara, near Senafè. Among the many remains in the place, of great interest are some fallen steles, (10 meters in length), five stone pillars bearing Sabee writings, remains of large and small walls, and cemeteries. Also scattered throughout the area are various crafts, stone tools, stone and brass ornaments. Although no detailed scientific research has been conducted so far, based on the study of the materials found on the surface and on the findings written in the Sabean language, it is believed that Keskese developed towards the ninth century before Christ.
Unraveling Ancient Mysteries: Exploring the Enigmatic Kohaito Ruins
Beyond its historical significance, the Kohaito ruins are set amid breathtaking natural surroundings. Surrounded by rugged hills and sweeping panoramas, the site offers a serene ambiance that invites visitors to reflect on the passage of time and the impermanence of human endeavors. The juxtaposition of the ancient remnants against the timeless landscapes creates a poetic atmosphere, making it a photographer’s paradise. The Kohaito ruins stand as a testament to the enduring legacy of past civilizations and the mysteries that shroud their existence. A visit to this extraordinary archaeological site offers a unique opportunity to connect with history, immerse oneself in captivating legends, and appreciate the beauty of Eritrea’s rugged landscapes. The Kohaito ruins are a true gem waiting to be discovered, and every traveler fortunate enough to experience its magic will be forever enriched by the journey.